November 26 (December 8). Was born in Elisavetgrad, Kherson area (now
Kirovograd). Father - Alexander Pavlovich Osmerkin, geodesist of Elisavetgrad
Postal-telegraph office, official, from peasants of village Lesnichovka, Podol'sk area
(died in 1937); Olympiada Vasilievna Osmerkina, nee-born Pauchenko, from petty-bourgeois (died in 1917).
Under the influence of native uncle, architect Jakov Pauchenko began to take a great
interest in drawing and theatre.
Studied in Elisavetgrad real school, where had finished Evening drawing classes under the
direction of Fedosiy Kozachinskiy.
Entered Kiev art school, where his
teachers were N.Pimonenko, I. Makushenko, G.Dyadchenko, ┬.Menk.
April. Participated in the First art exhibition, organized by Elisavetgrad
society of literacy (the first reliable A.Osmerkin's participation in the exhibition).
September. Dropped out of Kiev art school. Had moved to Moscow. Entered I.Mashkov's studio.
For the first time exhibited his works of art as exponent together with the artists,
members of the society "Bubnoviy
valet" ("The Knave of Diamonds").
1915 - 1917
Was conscripted into the army. Served in the reserve regiment in Orel; entered Chuguev military school, was sent to
Moscow reserve regiment in the rank of the warrant officer.
Participated in exhibition of the paintings, sculptures and applied arts "Free
art" in Moscow on Valovaya Street. Took part in organization of the professional
union of artists-painters; was a member of the "left federation" of this union.
1917 - 1918
December-January. Together with the leading artists of "The Knave of
Diamonds" took part in the exhibition "World of art" in Moscow.
Was engaged in designing of the plays in Pyatigorsk
and Moscow; took part in attempts to
create a new theatre of N.Foregger;
drew the festive pictures to the 1st anniversary of the October revolution in Moscow.
Participated in the first exhibition of the professional union of painters in the
"young" (or "left") federation. Began his teaching work in State free
artistic workshops as an assistant of P.Konchalovskiy, the head of the art studio.
1918 - 1919
Participated in the exhibition of the members of "Professional union of
artists-painters of the new art" - "5th State exhibition of the paintings".
Married Ekaterina Timofeevna Barkova.
1920 - 1921
Was a member of reorganized society "World of art", which had been formed by the
artists of former society "The Knave of Diamonds" with I.Mashkov at the head. In
October-November 1921 and in January 1922 took part in the exhibitions of the same title.
Autumn. For the first time participated in exhibition abroad ("First Russian
art exhibition", Berlin).
Beginning of the year. A. Osmerkin's works were displayed in the exhibition of
works by students of the pictorial department that took place in Vhutemas.
May. Participated in "Exhibition of the paintings (I.Grabar, A.Drevin,
P.Konchalovskiy, B.Korolev, A.Kuprin, A.Lentulov, I.Mashkov, A.Osmerkin, N.Udaltsova,
R.Falik, G.Fedorov)" in Moscow, inside Vhutemas. This exhibition had an importance of
the programme performance for the group of painters from former "The Knave of
Diamonds" and other artists who joined them.
1923 - 1924
Participated in the conflict that began in Vhutemas and concerned reorganization of the
main department and revision of the curricula. A. Osmerkin defended positions of the
so-called "chistoviki". i.e. supporters of easel painting. The main body of
"chistoviki" consisted of such professors as I.I.Mashkov, G.V. Fedorov,
R.R.Falk, A.V.Lentulov, A.V.Shevchenko at alias.
March. With the group of artists from former "The Knave of Diamonds" participated in
"Exhibition of the paintings", organized by Russian society of the Red
Cross" in Moscow, in the History museum building. Participated in creation of the
exhibition organization - future society "Moscow painters". Was reckoned among
the members-founders of this organization.
Reckoned among full members of new society of artists "Moscow painter". Worked
on picture "Tavern near Moskow".
└.Osmerkin, P.Konchalovskiy and └. Kuprin went over from
"Moscow painters" to the society of artists "Bytie"
("Existence"). A. Osmerkin's painting "Tavern near Moscow" was shown
on the 4th exhibition of "Bytie" society. Later this painting was sold to a
1926 - 1927
With the group of young artists └. Osmerkin quitted "Bytie" society and
organized association "Krylo" ("Wing"), the first exhibition of which
was opened 27 February, 1927.
Worked on the picture "Red Guard in
Zimniy palace" in Leningrad. Painted several landscapes of the city.
1927 - 1928
Took an active participation in organization of a new art association "Society of the Moscow artists"
(OMH). Was one of the member-founders and first full members of OMH.
Married Elena Galperina. A.A.Osmerkin was awarded the second prize by the jury chaired A.
Lunacharskij, for the picture "Red Guard in Zimniy palace", exhibited at the
"Exhibition of the art works to the 10th anniversary of the October revolution".
Paintings "Moyka. White night", "Barks on Neva", "Tverskaya"
and others were shown at the first exhibition of OMH. In summer had visited Pushkin's
places in Pskov province, where created the series of landscapes.
Finished working on the picture "Communist replenishment of the nineteenth
year", which was ordered by Revvoensovet of the Republic to the 10th anniversary of
Red Army. The picture was shown on the second
exhibition of OMH. A.A.Osmerkin was sent to Georgia on business trip by Glaviskusstvo.
Landscape "Zages" was painted during the trip, in particular.
Worked on the picture "Political-meeting
on Znamenskaya (Petrograd, 1917)". Quitted Vhutein. A break in the teaching
Came to Ukraine to collect the materials for the work on the theme "High powered work
practices in socialist building".
Worked on the picture "PUR's
agitation theatre at the front" for Revvoensovet of the Republic. Participated in
the meeting in FOSH (Federation of associations of the soviet artists) in Moscow, that
raised issues of the artistic education. Received a proposal to become a professor - head
of the individual art workshop in Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and
architecture (Russian Academy of Art). Participated in the jubilee exhibition
"Artists of RSFSR over 15 years" in the State Russian museum in Leningrad
(presented 10 works of art).
Continued to work on the painting "PUR's agitation theatre on the front" (the
painting had been lost). Presented ten works of art in exhibition "Artists of RSFSR
over 15 years" in Moscow in rooms of State History museum. Worked on the painting
"Gypsy with guitar".
January 25 Daughter Tatiyana was born. Worked on landscape in Vereya under
Moscow. The personal A.Osmerkin's exhibition took place in the club "Kauchuk" in
Worked on landscape in Vereya under Moscow.
Worked on the making of the play "Evgeniy Onegin" in staging by └Tairov for
Chamber theatre in Moscow. (The play was not performed).
1936 - 1937
Worked on the making of the jubilee Pushkin's performance ("The scenes from knightly
times", "Mozart and Soller", "Mermaid") in M.Gorkiy Bolshoy
dramatic theatre in Leningrad.
Worked on landscape in Vereya under Moscow and in the Crimea. Began his teaching work in
Moscow Institute of graphic arts.
Made a trip with the group of students of Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and
architecture VAH on Volga river. Painted the landscapes and still lifes. Was in charge of
the practice of students from Moscow Institute of fine arts in the Crimea (village Kozy under Sudak).
January 30 Daughter Lidiya was born. Began to work on portrait of └.Akhmatova in
Leningrad. Had finished the work on the article "About education of artists" for
"Art" magazine. Lived and
worked at the datcha of the Academy of Art in Alupka, where was in charge of the summer
practice of the students from Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture
VAH. Worked in village Kozy, where managed the practice of students from Moscow Institute
of fine arts. Participated in All-union conference that was organized by the Committee of
arts and brought up issues concerning artistic education.
In summer lived and worked in Alupka at the datcha of the Art Academy. The
exhibition of works by I.Grabar, G.Ryazhskiy, └.Osmerkin, P.Pokarzhevskiy, G.Shegal. └.Osmerkin
took place in the exhibition room of Organizing Committee of the Union of soviet artists
in Moscow. A.Osmerkin presented 19 works of art (1939-1940).
Participated in the "Exhibition of the best works of art of the soviet artists",
that took place in the State Tretyakov Gallery. In summer lived and worked in Vereya under
Moscow, where has met the beginning of the war of 1941 (Great Patriotic War). Began to
work in the art workshop of the defense poster "Windows of TASS".
Worked on portraits of pilots. Drew the painting "Anti-aircraft gunners of Moscow.
Moscow. 1941" and the landscape "Kremlin. 1942", that were shown at the
All-union exhibition of painting, graphic art, sculpture and architecture "Great
Patriotic War" in the State Tretyakov gallery.
Worked on the making of the play "Hot heart" dedicated to the 120th anniversary
from └.Ostrovskiy's birthday. The play took place in Kazan Bolshoy dramatic theatre
(director - └.Dikiy).
In springtime and summer worked on the landscapes in Zagorsk, where an evacuated Leningrad
Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture VAH was located in that time.
March. The evening, dedicated to the 25th anniversary of pedagogical activity of
└.Osmerkin, P.Pavlinov and N.Chernyshev took place in the Central House of workers of art
in Moscow. A.A. Fedorov-Davydov made a speech about A.A. Osmerkin's work at the evening.
Married Nadezhda Navrotskaya.
In summer and autumn drew the series of landscapes of Leningrad, including
"New Holland", "Internal courtyard of the Hermitage",
October. The party, dedicated to A. Osmerkin's creative activity, exhibition of
his works of art took place in MOSSH. O.M.Beskin, B.V.Yohanson, P.A.Radimov, A.M.Efros
made their speeches at the evening.
Participated in All-union artistic exhibition, opened 19 January in the State Tretyakov
July-August. Painted the series of the landscapes and still-life, including "Room in hotel. Zagorsk",
"Restoration works in Lavra" in Zagorsk.
September-November. Was sent to Erevan to regulate an academic work of Erevan art institute. During this trip
painted several landscapes and
A.Osmerkin's works of art studio: A.Osmerkin "In
the art workshop of the artist" ("Profile and flowers") and "In
Zagorsk" ("Room in hotel. Zagorsk") were shown at the Spring exhibition of
the works of art of Moscow painters and sculptors. Summer spent in Zagorsk.
The end of August. On accusation in formalism was dismissed from working in Repin
Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture in Leningrad.
May. Pedagogical work of └.Osmerkin was severely criticized in decision of 2nd
session of Academy of art.
August. Was dismissed from his work in Surikov Moscow state artistic institute
with the formulation - for formalism. The artist was offered to perform the painting
"The best people of the car plant named after Stalin" for All-union art
exhibition as rehabilitation.
Worked on the picture "The best
people of the car plant named after Stalin" for All-union artistic exhibition (the
picture was not accepted). A court case was opened against the artist.
In April A.Osmerkin's health unexpectedly grew worse. Took an interval in work
till summer 1951.
Painted "Lilac on the background of wallpaper. Zagorsk", "Bouquet of field
flowers with sunflower", "Poppy. Zagorsk" in Zagorsk in summer.
January. Painted the "Still-life with wall clock". In summer and autumn
lived and worked in Zagorsk.
The court case was closed.
In winter painted "Portrait of daughter Lilya with the dog Sharic". In
summer, seriously ill, lived and worked in Pleskovo near Moscow, where "Bird cherry
tree. Pleskovo", "Summer. June. Pleskovo" were painted.
June 25. Died while working on landscape in Pleskovo. Buried 29 June
in Moscow on Vaganikovskoe cemetery.