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A.Osmerkin

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   Alexander Alexandrovich Osmerkin (1892-1953) is one of those prominent masters of painting of the first half of the 20th century whose artistic life was remarkable for the indefatigable search for his creative individuality.
   A.Osmerkin's creative heritage consists of more than 700 works of painting, graphics, scenery that are kept at Tretyakovskaya Gallery, Museum of Fine Arts (Moskow), Museum of Russian Culture (St.-Peterburg), Kiev Museum of Russian Art and at some other museums in Ukraine, Russia. Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Lithuania and in some private collections.
   A.Osmerkin had a considerable influence on the development of modern art having taught a lot of famous painters, - among them are - People's artists of USSR - N.Krylov and E.Moiseenko, People's artists of Armenia - Aslamazyan and Abegyan, honoured artists of Russia - Nikich and Konchalovsky and many others.


BIOGRAPHY

1892
November 26 (December 8). Was born in Elisavetgrad, Kherson area (now Kirovograd). Father - Alexander Pavlovich Osmerkin, geodesist of Elisavetgrad Postal-telegraph office, official, from peasants of village Lesnichovka, Podol'sk area (died in 1937); Olympiada Vasilievna Osmerkina, nee-born Pauchenko, from petty-bourgeois (died in 1917).

1902 - 1910
Under the influence of native uncle, architect Jakov Pauchenko began to take a great interest in drawing and theatre. Studied in Elisavetgrad real school, where had finished Evening drawing classes under the direction of Fedosiy Kozachinskiy.

1911

Entered Kiev art school, where his teachers were N.Pimonenko, I. Makushenko, G.Dyadchenko, ┬.Menk.

1913

April
. Participated in the First art exhibition, organized by Elisavetgrad society of literacy (the first reliable A.Osmerkin's participation in the exhibition).
September
. Dropped out of Kiev art school. Had moved to Moscow. Entered I.Mashkov's studio.

1914

For the first time exhibited his works of art as exponent together with the artists, members of the society "Bubnoviy valet" ("The Knave of Diamonds").

1915 - 1917

Was conscripted into the army. Served in the reserve regiment in Orel; entered Chuguev military school, was sent to Moscow reserve regiment in the rank of the warrant officer.

1917

Participated in exhibition of the paintings, sculptures and applied arts "Free art" in Moscow on Valovaya Street. Took part in organization of the professional union of artists-painters; was a member of the "left federation" of this union.

1917 - 1918

December-January. Together with the leading artists of "The Knave of Diamonds" took part in the exhibition "World of art" in Moscow.

1918
Was engaged in designing of the plays in Pyatigorsk and Moscow; took part in attempts to create a new theatre of N.Foregger; drew the festive pictures to the 1st anniversary of the October revolution in Moscow. Participated in the first exhibition of the professional union of painters in the "young" (or "left") federation. Began his teaching work in State free artistic workshops as an assistant of P.Konchalovskiy, the head of the art studio.

1918 - 1919

Participated in the exhibition of the members of "Professional union of artists-painters of the new art" - "5th State exhibition of the paintings". Married Ekaterina Timofeevna Barkova.

1920 - 1921

Was a member of reorganized society "World of art", which had been formed by the artists of former society "The Knave of Diamonds" with I.Mashkov at the head. In October-November 1921 and in January 1922 took part in the exhibitions of the same title.

1922
Autumn.
For the first time participated in exhibition abroad ("First Russian art exhibition", Berlin).

1923
Beginning of the year
. A. Osmerkin's works were displayed in the exhibition of works by students of the pictorial department that took place in Vhutemas.
May
. Participated in "Exhibition of the paintings (I.Grabar, A.Drevin, P.Konchalovskiy, B.Korolev, A.Kuprin, A.Lentulov, I.Mashkov, A.Osmerkin, N.Udaltsova, R.Falik, G.Fedorov)" in Moscow, inside Vhutemas. This exhibition had an importance of the programme performance for the group of painters from former "The Knave of Diamonds" and other artists who joined them.

1923 - 1924

Participated in the conflict that began in Vhutemas and concerned reorganization of the main department and revision of the curricula. A. Osmerkin defended positions of the so-called "chistoviki". i.e. supporters of easel painting. The main body of "chistoviki" consisted of such professors as I.I.Mashkov, G.V. Fedorov, R.R.Falk, A.V.Lentulov, A.V.Shevchenko at alias.

1924
March.
With the group of artists from former "The Knave of Diamonds" participated in "Exhibition of the paintings", organized by Russian society of the Red Cross" in Moscow, in the History museum building. Participated in creation of the exhibition organization - future society "Moscow painters". Was reckoned among the members-founders of this organization.

1925

Reckoned among full members of new society of artists "Moscow painter". Worked on picture "Tavern near Moskow".

1926
└.Osmerkin, P.Konchalovskiy and └. Kuprin went over from "Moscow painters" to the society of artists "Bytie" ("Existence"). A. Osmerkin's painting "Tavern near Moscow" was shown on the 4th exhibition of "Bytie" society. Later this painting was sold to a foreign collection.

1926 - 1927

With the group of young artists └. Osmerkin quitted "Bytie" society and organized association "Krylo" ("Wing"), the first exhibition of which was opened 27 February, 1927.

1927

Worked on the picture "Red Guard in Zimniy palace" in Leningrad. Painted several landscapes of the city.

1927 - 1928

Took an active participation in organization of a new art association "Society of the Moscow artists" (OMH). Was one of the member-founders and first full members of OMH.

1928

Married Elena Galperina. A.A.Osmerkin was awarded the second prize by the jury chaired A. Lunacharskij, for the picture "Red Guard in Zimniy palace", exhibited at the "Exhibition of the art works to the 10th anniversary of the October revolution". Paintings "Moyka. White night", "Barks on Neva", "Tverskaya" and others were shown at the first exhibition of OMH. In summer had visited Pushkin's places in Pskov province, where created the series of landscapes.

1929

Finished working on the picture "Communist replenishment of the nineteenth year", which was ordered by Revvoensovet of the Republic to the 10th anniversary of Red Army. The picture was shown on the second exhibition of OMH. A.A.Osmerkin was sent to Georgia on business trip by Glaviskusstvo. Landscape "Zages" was painted during the trip, in particular.

1930

Worked on the picture "Political-meeting on Znamenskaya (Petrograd, 1917)". Quitted Vhutein. A break in the teaching practice came.

1931

Came to Ukraine to collect the materials for the work on the theme "High powered work practices in socialist building".

1932

Worked on the picture "PUR's agitation theatre at the front" for Revvoensovet of the Republic. Participated in the meeting in FOSH (Federation of associations of the soviet artists) in Moscow, that raised issues of the artistic education. Received a proposal to become a professor - head of the individual art workshop in Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture (Russian Academy of Art). Participated in the jubilee exhibition "Artists of RSFSR over 15 years" in the State Russian museum in Leningrad (presented 10 works of art).

1933

Continued to work on the painting "PUR's agitation theatre on the front" (the painting had been lost). Presented ten works of art in exhibition "Artists of RSFSR over 15 years" in Moscow in rooms of State History museum. Worked on the painting "Gypsy with guitar".

1934
January 25
Daughter Tatiyana was born. Worked on landscape in Vereya under Moscow. The personal A.Osmerkin's exhibition took place in the club "Kauchuk" in Moskow.

1935

Worked on landscape in Vereya under Moscow.

1936

Worked on the making of the play "Evgeniy Onegin" in staging by └Tairov for Chamber theatre in Moscow. (The play was not performed).

1936 - 1937

Worked on the making of the jubilee Pushkin's performance ("The scenes from knightly times", "Mozart and Soller", "Mermaid") in M.Gorkiy Bolshoy dramatic theatre in Leningrad.

1937

Worked on landscape in Vereya under Moscow and in the Crimea. Began his teaching work in Moscow Institute of graphic arts.

1938

Made a trip with the group of students of Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture VAH on Volga river. Painted the landscapes and still lifes. Was in charge of the practice of students from Moscow Institute of fine arts in the Crimea (village Kozy under Sudak).

1939
January 30
Daughter Lidiya was born. Began to work on portrait of └.Akhmatova in Leningrad. Had finished the work on the article "About education of artists" for "Art" magazine. Lived and worked at the datcha of the Academy of Art in Alupka, where was in charge of the summer practice of the students from Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture VAH. Worked in village Kozy, where managed the practice of students from Moscow Institute of fine arts. Participated in All-union conference that was organized by the Committee of arts and brought up issues concerning artistic education.

1940

In summer
lived and worked in Alupka at the datcha of the Art Academy. The exhibition of works by I.Grabar, G.Ryazhskiy, └.Osmerkin, P.Pokarzhevskiy, G.Shegal. └.Osmerkin took place in the exhibition room of Organizing Committee of the Union of soviet artists in Moscow. A.Osmerkin presented 19 works of art (1939-1940).

1941

Participated in the "Exhibition of the best works of art of the soviet artists", that took place in the State Tretyakov Gallery. In summer lived and worked in Vereya under Moscow, where has met the beginning of the war of 1941 (Great Patriotic War). Began to work in the art workshop of the defense poster "Windows of TASS".

1942

Worked on portraits of pilots. Drew the painting "Anti-aircraft gunners of Moscow. Moscow. 1941" and the landscape "Kremlin. 1942", that were shown at the All-union exhibition of painting, graphic art, sculpture and architecture "Great Patriotic War" in the State Tretyakov gallery.

1943

Worked on the making of the play "Hot heart" dedicated to the 120th anniversary from └.Ostrovskiy's birthday. The play took place in Kazan Bolshoy dramatic theatre (director - └.Dikiy).

1944
In springtime and summer
worked on the landscapes in Zagorsk, where an evacuated Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture VAH was located in that time.

1945
March
. The evening, dedicated to the 25th anniversary of pedagogical activity of └.Osmerkin, P.Pavlinov and N.Chernyshev took place in the Central House of workers of art in Moscow. A.A. Fedorov-Davydov made a speech about A.A. Osmerkin's work at the evening.
Married Nadezhda Navrotskaya.
In summer and autumn
drew the series of landscapes of Leningrad, including "New Holland", "Internal courtyard of the Hermitage", "Engineering castle".
October.
The party, dedicated to A. Osmerkin's creative activity, exhibition of his works of art took place in MOSSH. O.M.Beskin, B.V.Yohanson, P.A.Radimov, A.M.Efros made their speeches at the evening.

1946

Participated in All-union artistic exhibition, opened 19 January in the State Tretyakov gallery.
July-August.
Painted the series of the landscapes and still-life, including "Room in hotel. Zagorsk", "Restoration works in Lavra" in Zagorsk.
September-November. Was sent to Erevan to regulate an academic work of Erevan art institute. During this trip painted several landscapes and still-lifes.

1947

A.Osmerkin's works of art studio: A.Osmerkin "In the art workshop of the artist" ("Profile and flowers") and "In Zagorsk" ("Room in hotel. Zagorsk") were shown at the Spring exhibition of the works of art of Moscow painters and sculptors. Summer spent in Zagorsk.
The end of Augus
t. On accusation in formalism was dismissed from working in Repin Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture in Leningrad.

1948

May.
Pedagogical work of └.Osmerkin was severely criticized in decision of 2nd session of Academy of art.
August
. Was dismissed from his work in Surikov Moscow state artistic institute with the formulation - for formalism. The artist was offered to perform the painting "The best people of the car plant named after Stalin" for All-union art exhibition as rehabilitation.

1949

Worked on the picture "The best people of the car plant named after Stalin" for All-union artistic exhibition (the picture was not accepted). A court case was opened against the artist.

1950
In April
A.Osmerkin's health unexpectedly grew worse. Took an interval in work till summer 1951.

1951

Painted "Lilac on the background of wallpaper. Zagorsk", "Bouquet of field flowers with sunflower", "Poppy. Zagorsk" in Zagorsk in summer.

1952

January.
Painted the "Still-life with wall clock". In summer and autumn lived and worked in Zagorsk.
The court case was closed.

1953

In winter
painted "Portrait of daughter Lilya with the dog Sharic". In summer, seriously ill, lived and worked in Pleskovo near Moscow, where "Bird cherry tree. Pleskovo", "Summer. June. Pleskovo" were painted.
June 25
. Died while working on landscape in Pleskovo. Buried 29 June in Moscow on Vaganikovskoe cemetery.